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The UNO conference confirms the commitments of the Paris Agreement. Trump’s election weighs on the meeting. Read the full text of the Proclamation.
A confirmation (hopefully) of the commitments made at COP21. And nothing more. These, in short, are the conclusions of the UNO Climate Conference in Marrakech (COP22), which ended on November 18th. The only consensual decision made by the 196 participating countries was to define the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement by 2018. In particular, the new guidelines will have to define in what ways countries will monitor their greenhouse gas reduction activities (Nationally Determined Contributions). The final document requires developed countries to keep working to institute the Green Climate Fund by 2020: the Fund will help developing countries fight global warming.
A factor that raised considerable worries at COP22 concerning future policies against global warming is the recent election of the incoming U.S. President Donald Trump, who is known to be sceptical about climate change. Moroccan Foreign Affairs Minister and UNO COP22 Conference President Salaheddine Mezouar called on President Elect Donald Trump to join the international efforts to implement the Paris Climate Agreement. “We count on your pragmatism as well as your commitment to the spirit of the international community, in a huge struggle for our future, for the planet, for humanity and the dignity of millions and millions of people – said Mezouar during the final press conference, after journalists asked him to send a direct message to Trump – This is about what our planet is going to be tomorrow, and what we are going to leave behind”.
Here is the full text of the Marrakech Proclamation signed by all the 196 countries that participated in the UNO COP22 Climate Conference:
We, Heads of State, Government, and Delegations, gathered in Marrakech, on African soil, for the High-Level Segment of the 22nd Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the 12th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, and the 1st Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, at the gracious invitation of His Majesty the King of Morocco, Mohammed VI, issue this proclamation to signal a shift towards a new era of implementation and action on climate and sustainable development.
Our climate is warming at an alarming and unprecedented rate and we have an urgent duty to respond.
We welcome the Paris Agreement, adopted under the Convention, its rapid entry into force, with its ambitious goals, its inclusive nature and its reflection of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances, and we affirm our commitment to its full implementation.
Indeed, this year, we have seen extraordinary momentum on climate change worldwide, and in many multilateral fora. This momentum is irreversible – it is being driven not only by governments, but by science, business and global action of all types at all levels.
Our task now is to rapidly build on that momentum, together, moving forward purposefully to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to foster adaptation efforts, thereby benefiting and supporting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals.
We call for the highest political commitment to combat climate change, as a matter of urgent priority.
We call for strong solidarity with those countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and underscore the need to support efforts aimed to enhance their adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability.
We call for all Parties to strengthen and support efforts to eradicate poverty, ensure food security and to take stringent action to deal with climate change challenges in agriculture.
We call for urgently raising ambition and strengthening cooperation amongst ourselves to close the gap between current emissions trajectories and the pathway needed to meet the long – term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement.
We call for an increase in the volume, flow and access to finance for climate projects, alongside improved capacity and technology, including from developed to developing countries.
We the Developed Country Parties reaffirm our USD $100 billion mobilization goal.
We, unanimously, call for further climate action and support, well in advance of 2020, taking into account the specific needs and special circumstances of developing countries, the least developed countries and those particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
We who are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol encourage the ratification of the Doha Amendment.
We, collectively, call on all non-state actors to join us for immediate and ambitious action and mobilization, building on their important achievements, noting the many initiatives and the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action itself, launched in Marrakech.
The transition in our economies required to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement provides a substantial positive opportunity for increased prosperity and sustainable development.
The Marrakech Conference marks an important inflection point in our commitment to bring together the whole international community to tackle one of the greatest challenges of our time.
As we now turn towards implementations and action, we reiterate our resolve to inspire solidarity, hope and opportunity for current and future generations.
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