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Anci-Conai Report: over 3,500 municipalities have achieved the EU target 5 years in advance. Positive signals from Southern Italy.
Nine Italian regions (one more than in 2014) have achieved the 50% waste recycling EU target in 2015, well in advance on the deadline set for 2020. This is the main finding of the Anci-Conai report on waste sorting and recycling.
The data of the National Association of Italian Municipalities and of the National Packaging Consortium is also very positive for what concerns Italian municipalities: to date, 3,549 boast a waste sorting and recycling rate superior to 50%, which marks an increase of +13% compared to 2014 and +58% compared to 2013.
The most virtuous regions are Piedmont, Lombardy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Emilia Romagna, Marche, Sardinia, and since 2015 also Aosta Valley. Several other regions, namely Campania, Tuscany, and Abruzzo, are close to the target.
The report also shows a slight increase (+0.78%) in the production of urban waste in 2015, which amounts to 512 kg per capita. The percentage of waste sorting (+3.32%) increased more than the percentage of recycled waste (+1.77%): this difference can be explained with the relatively poor quality of collected waste. Waste sorting per capita increased by 7.90%, i.e. the equivalent of 253 kg per citizen, although considerable differences can be observed from region to region: while Liguria has an average of 357 kg per capita, Sicily has 54.81 kg per capita.
“An outlook on the country as a whole confirms that Italy travels at two different speeds at the same time – says Filippo Bernocchi, Energy and Waste delegate for Anci – The North seems to have more adequate plants and a higher awareness of this issue. While central and northern regions, on average, achieve a waste recycling rate of almost 50%, it looks like the South won’t easily achieve the target by 2020 unless special measures are taken. Nevertheless, the South is sending encouraging signals: in particular, waste sorting per capita increased by 54.65% in Calabria, and good results were also recorded in Campania (+39.60%) and Puglia (+11.62%).
The increased amount of recycled waste allowed to save 1,792,064 tons of CO2 emissions, that is a 32.75% saving increase. The regions that crossed the threshold of 50% waste recycling in 2015 are again Piedmont, Lombardy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Emilia Romagna, Marche, Sardinia, and recently Aosta Valley. In this case too, Campania, Tuscany, and Abruzzo are close to the target. On the 3,549 municipalities that achieved the 50% recycling target, 12 have been awarded the title of best novelties of 2015: Scandicci, Saronno, Ostuni, Cava de’ Tirreni, Cuneo, Como, Bergamo, Salerno, Padova, in addition to the metropolitan areas of Milan, Turin, and Venice.
Moreover, the report reveals an increase in the quantity of end-of-life products collected by the Conai Consortia and subsequently reintegrated in the manufacturing cycle: this data seems to confirm the citizens’ commitment to practising waste sorting. However, the quality of collected waste seems to have slightly decreased, a fact that calls for the need to keep on informing citizens on the correct practices to be followed in waste sorting.